Untangling the Scottish, Dutch and American Durie/DuRy families
Documents, DNA and Heraldry
Dr. Bruce DURIE BSc (Hons) PhD FSAScot FCollT FIGRS FHEA OLJ
Shennachie to the Chief of Durie, Fife, Scotland
This investigation started from the following perspectives:
• the family Durie arose in Scotland, ca.1262, when Gilbert, a younger son of the Earl of Strathearn, was granted lands called Durie in Fife;
• some individuals from this family went to France, Flanders or the Netherlands at various times;
• there are, today families named Durie, Dury etc. in France, Flanders and the Netherlands;
• a Dutch Protestant family called Dury/Durie/Duryea went to America in the 1670s, and are represented there today.
The question is therefore: Are these families connected in any way? Evidence was sought from:
• documents in Scotland, France, Netherlands, the Palatinate (Mannheim) and the USA;
• heraldry in Scotland, France/Flanders and the Netherlands;
• DNA of Scots, Dutch and American families.
The families considered are as shown in Fig 1. There are two lines of Durie (Scotland) from which
individuals are known to have travelled to and/or settled in Europe before 1670. In particular:
• two sons of George Durie (1496-1577), last Abbot of Dunfermline before the Reformation, went to
France to study as Jesuits (George and John);
• Captain George Durie (bef. 1637-1703) was in France as a member of the Garde Ecossais of Louis XIV from 1664 until at least 1687;
• Robert Durie (1555-1616), son of John Durie (1537-1600), a cousin of George Durie and a major early Protestant figure, established the first Scots Kirk (church) at Leyden ca. 1606, where he brought up an extensive family (Fig. 2).
In addition, a French/Dutch Durie/Dury and his descendants were in Scotland from ca. 1693 Read on...
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